In Kansas, and across the nation, it is understood that any trauma to the head should be taken seriously and medical attention should be sought. The diagnosis of the type of trauma, and associated treatment, typically varies depending on whether you have a head or brain injury. The terms “head injury” and “brain injury” are often used interchangeably; however, each is medically different.
Head Injury - According to Medline Plus, "A head injury is any trauma to the scalp, skull, or brain. The injury may be only a minor bump on the skull or a serious brain injury." Head injuries can be open (strikes to the head that broke the skull and entered the brain) or closed (strikes to the head that did not break the skull). Skull fractures, lacerations to the skin or scalp, and bruising of the skull/scalp are each possible head injuries. Common causes of head injury include:
Brain Injury - Different from head injury, but possibly caused by it, is a brain injury. Brain injury is where damage has occurred to the tissue of the brain. Objects breaking the skull and impacting the brain directly, trauma to the head causing the brain to rattle inside of the skull, loss of oxygen to the brain, etc...are each brain injuries. Some causes of brain injury are:
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